Some Learning Disabilities

The following are some of the most common Specific Learning Disabilities encountered:

Dyslexia - affects language and usually manifests in reading and writing problems

Dyscalculia - problems with arithmetic and maths concepts

Dysgraphia - laborious and often illegible handwriting and can involve difficulty to plan what to write

Dyspraxia - difficulty with motor coordination (also referred to as Clumsy Child Syndrome) and motor planning (executive functioning)

Auditory Processing Disorder - difficulty with the processing and remembering of auditory receptive language-related tasks

Non-Verbal Learning Disorder - trouble understanding non-verbal cues, reading body language; usually accompanied by coordination difficulties (clumsiness)

Visual Processing Disorders:

Visual-Spatial Disorder - difficulty with planning page lay-out, reading analogue time, reading maps and graphs and other visual-spatial tasks

Visual Motor Disorder - difficulties with using scissors, catching a ball, and in handwriting

Language Disorders - effecting the understanding of spoken language and poor reading comprehension

Other Difficulties

Executive Functions and related issues - difficulties in organising and planning, future-orientated behaviour, maintaining appropriate problem-solving procedures, impulse control, selective attention and self-regulatory mechanisms.

Memory issues - difficulties with long term memory, short term memory or working memory (Phonological processing difficulties indicate impaired memory skills.

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